One-Day national Seminar on “1940 Resolution and Autonomy of Federating Units” was Held at Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur organized by Department of Political Science. Prof. Dr. Parveen Shah, Vice Chancellor presided the seminar.
While delivering her presidential address Dr. Parveen Shah said, 1940 resolution is a significant document in the history of Pakistan movement which clearly elaborate Pakistan as federation consists of autonomous units refers completely sovereign and autonomous in their domain. Dr. Shah said, this resolution paid the way for the separate homeland of Muslims. Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah said, it was the right of every Muslim of South Asia to enjoy freedom, equality and social justice.
Vice Chancellor said, this resolution was the milestone for the Muslims of the sub-continent that provided them a viable political platform and they got their political, economic, social and religious rights. Dr. Parveen Shah said, the 18th amendment of constitution 1973 is also bold step of Govt. of Pakistan to strengthen the provinces.
Prof. Dr. Jaffar Ahmed, Director, Area Study Centre of Pakistan Studies, Karachi said, Lahore resolution remained subject of debate. He trace out historical context and spirit of the resolution. He said, India was controlled by 600 British personals, at that time the population of India was 30 Crors. He said, the spirit of the Lahore resolution was that the constituent unit will remain sovereign and autonomous. The other aspect of the resolution was in term of confederation. He said, 1956 and 1962 constitutions were highly centralized, although the sales tax collection was the domain of the provinces but the Centre retained it. He said, 7th NFC Award is good, instead of population, revenue collection and poverty has been given consideration. He said, in the wake of 18thth amendment, 34 Departments are working under the provinces. He suggested that the Council for Common Interests (CCI) may meet after three month and to submit its report to National Assembly and Senate. He stressed upon the political will for implementation of decisions. He said, Central Bureaucracy was not interested to devolve powers to provinces. He said, Pakistan would be strengthening by involving the provinces in the decision-making process and equitable distribution of the sources. The dream of welfare state will be accomplish.
Prof. Dr. Mohammad Aslam Parvez Memon, Pro-Vice Chancellor, Sufi University, Bhit Shah said, Lahore resolution provided the sense of provincial autonomy and the concept of modern state based on equality, social justice and distribution of powers among the federating units.
Prof. Dr. Mohammad Yousuf Khushk, Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences & Arts said, Lahore resolution was a collective one, it was for the identity of the Muslims , it produced the sense of high spirit among the Muslims and it was a turning point leading towards independence.
Dr. Abdul Hayee Balouch, Former Senator said, right to smaller provinces may be given. He said, Pakistan is the multinational state. According to the constitution of Pakistan rights to the provinces may be given.
Prof. Dr. Abdul Majeed Chandio said, India remained empire of different states, British regime introduced various constitutional developments in 1909 and 1935 based on the federal form. He stressed the need for the rights of the oppressed nations.
Prof. Dr. Mussawir Hussain Bukhari, Chairman, Department of Political Sciences, the Islamia University, Bahawalpur said, 18th amendment was the dream of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah which accomplished after 70 years. He termed it as milestone step. He said that the autonomy may be given from Union Council level to province level in order to strengthen the democracy in Pakistan.
Mr. Jagdesh Ahoja said, the base of Lahore resolution was on two-nation theory. He stressed that provincial language may be given the status of national language.
Advocate Abdul Khalique Junejo said, the spirit of Lahore resolution was not fulfilled practically so the East Pakistan crisis, Baluchistan problem emerged. He focused on the sovereignty of the provinces and provinces may be given full rights in the spirit of Lahore resolution 1940.
Prof. Imdad Chandio said, the 1940 resolution provided the concept of the faith based nation and modern nation state. He said, the Quaid-i-Azam was the pioneer of separate state and custodian of the protection of the rights of the minorities. He said, one unit was negation of federation such scheme weakened the country and the relations between the nations remained hostile.
Prof. Dr. laiq Ahmed Zardari said, Indian Act 1935 gave the right of vote only to elite class. He said, the Lahore resolution was the source of inspiration for the Pakistan Movement.
Earlier, Prof. Dr. Amir Ali Chandio, Chairman, Department of Political Science welcomed the guest speakers, media persons and civil society. He appreciated the efforts of Prof. Dr. Parveen Shah for promoting the curricular and co-curricular activities at the campus and briefed the audience about the performance of the Department and also shed light on the objectives of the seminar.
Ms. Shahida Chandio, Mr. Akhlaque Hussain Larik, Ms. Aisha Javed Chandio and Mr. Ali Nawaz Soomro also spoke.
Prof. Dr. Miandad Zardari, Pro-Vice Chancellor, Main Campus, Prof. Dr. Yasmeen Faiz Kazi, Dean, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Chairmen, Chairpersons and large number of students attended the seminar.